Volume 1 Issue 1

01/12/2019 - 31/03/2020

S.Dharni, K.Kousalya , M.Akila , M. Muthukumar

Corresponding Author: dharaniharidha1999@gmail.com

Original article

Received 1 January 2020, Accepted 10 January , Available online 11 January 2020

1: The Gastrointestinal Diagnosis Using Capsule Endoscopy

ABSTRACT: Many people around the world today, faces a lot of gastrointestinal troubles like ulcer, anemia, cancer due to the intake of fast food items and food with less fiber and nutrient content. The analysis treatment of these disorders involves major endoscopy processes, which are relatively more expensive, painful and not easy. To overcome all these struggles, an exclusive invention called PILL CAMERA was developed. Pill camera is one of the major revolutions in the field of medicine. It is similar to a capsule structure. When swallowed, it flows down the body and reaches the stomach. By the way, it captures all the pictures inside the intestinal tract and it is able to diagnose several inner bowel disorders. This methodology is also often referred to as capsule endoscopy. It permits direct visualization of small intestine, the area that cannot be visualized by upper endoscopy or by lower colonoscopy. The pill camera is in size of a multivitamin which is swallowed with water. The pill is safely sealed with biocompatible material, which resists hydrochloric acid present in stomach and enzymes like pepsin, trypsin. Hence the pill is manufactured in such a way that it does not rupture out in any part of its journey. The major applications of this capsule endoscopy methodology are, it might form a platform for diagnosis of intestinal bleeding, tumors in bowels, Crohn’s diseases and Mal-absorption disorders

Keywords: Endoscopy Colonoscopy, Pill.

Idoko, S.O , Unabor E, Omokhafe K.O, Idehen C.N

Corresponding author: elvisunabor22@gmail.com

Original article

Received 3 January 2020, Accepted 11 January , Available online 12 January 2020

2: Soil Management Strategies for Rubber (Heveabrasiliensis) and Oil Palm (Elaeisguineensis) Agro Forestry in an Undulating Topography of Ijebu-Igbo, Southern Ogun State.

ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the soil fertility status of the undulating topography of Lamina Village, Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State and its potentials for rubber and oil palm based farming system. The land was mapped using visual appraisal of the area such as soil colour, texture, topography and vegetation. Samples were collected at two depths (i.e. 0 - 30 cm and 30 - 60cm) and subjected to standard laboratory procedures. The soil analysis results and the field observations formed the bases for recommendation of fertilizer rates and other agronomic practices for optimum rubber and oil palm agro-forestry systems. The results indicated that the area have been under secondary forest for about 20 years. The soils of the area ranged from loamy sand to sandy loam on the surface overlying a slightly heavier textured sub-soil ranging from sandy loam to sandy clay loam. The soils were slightly acidic and low in most essential nutrients. Total Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P) and Exchangeable Cation Exchange Capacity (ECEC) were generally low. Fertilizer recommendations were made for the different stages of rubber growth while other management strategies were suggested aimed at reducing organic matter losses and minimizing soil erosion as well as control of termite infestation.

Key words: Rubber, Oil Palm, Soil Fertility, Soil Properties, Nigeria.

Saddam Husain Dhobi

Corresponding author: saddam@ran.edu.np

Original article

Received 5 January 2020, Accepted 25 January , Available online 26 January 2020

3: Entangleon Help to Communicate Between Two Entangle Particle, When They Are Separated From Each Other

ABSTRACT: Entangleon helps to communicate, between two, entangled particles separated from each other or entangle pair. Entangleon are subquantum particles present inside quantum particles. In this work, we consider quantum particles such as photons and electron which play an important role in quantum teleportation. In case of separation of two entangle pairs anywhere by any distance, but the communication between these pairs takes place, simultaneously. This communication take place due to entangleon, a subquantum particle present in entangle particle or pairs. This entangleon communicate in a way that one replace others and give the information where replaced particle have to go. In this way, the properties of one entangle particle change the properties of another entangle particle and find the pair anywhere present in-universe. The replacing entangleon give the information about spin, angular momentum, position, etc. which help to find the entangle particle from where entangleon come to replace the entangleon of other entangled particles.

Keywords: Entanleon, Subquantum Particle, Spin, Angular Momentum, Position, Entangle, Quantum Teleportation, etc.

N. Prasanthi Rashmi *, Prof. Ch Radhakumari , N Sai Pranav

Corresponding author: 9saipranav@gmail.com

Received 15 January 2020, Accepted 24 February , Available online 26 February 2020

4: Solid-State Sensors for Ethanol Detection

ABSTRACT: Detection and measurement of ethanol vapor concentrations are very important issues today. Alcohol sensors play an important role in detection of blood alcohol level and in environmental monitoring. The ethanol synthesis modes, production characteristics and its physical, chemical, thermal and optical properties are presented in this article. A large number of materials and processes have been studied for the development of ethanol sensors. The types of ethanol sensing and detection systems have also been studied. The structure, working principle and advantages of conductometric gas sensors are presented. The features and sensing properties reported for conductometric ethanol sensors based on metal oxide nanostructures and other nanomaterial are summarized. The sensing mechanisms of conductometric ethanol vapor sensor have been thoroughly reviewed. The survey demonstrates the feasibility of using conductometric sensors for sensing and detection of alcohol vapors.

Key Words: Conductometric Sensor, Ethanol, Nanoparticles, Metal Oxides, Sensitivity, Operating Temperature.

Muhammad Iqbal Hussain, Malek Khalaf Albzeirat,, Rosmaini Ahmad, Islam Dewan, Nadeem Khalid, Nik Noriman Zulkepli

Corresponding author: malekunimap@gmail.com

Original article

Received 11 January 2020, Accepted 24 February , Available online 28 February 2020

5: Explore Workplace Wastes, Source of Wastes, and Selecting Appropriate Lean Manufacturing Practices in Thermal Power Plants

ABSTRACT: Lean manufacturing practices (LMPs) have been developed to eliminate or reduce manufacturing waste and thus improve operational efficiency in manufacturing processes. There is currently no systematic methodology available for selecting appropriate LMPs within a Thermal Power Plants (TPPs) constraints. The operation of TPPs produces various types of wastes, e.g. administrative and operational wastes such (transportation, motion, waiting, inventory, over processes, over production, and defect), that affect the efficiency of production that affect the environment and reduces production level. Previous studies have often focused on environmental waste in TPPs. Current research focuses on the identification of administrative and operational waste and the mechanism for eliminating the source of these wastes to achieve higher production level. Therefore, this research aims to develop Multi-Assessment Model to Explore Workplace Wastes, Source of Wastes, and for Selecting Appropriate LMPs in TPPs.To achieve that, this research applies a multi-assessment model assessment method which involves the integration of the three main methodologies i.e. Qualitative, Quantitative and an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) by conducting a mathematical connection between these three methodologies to the determination of waste in TPPs and identify the most important LMPs in TPPs. A case study was conducted to establish the effectiveness and validation of the proposed assessment in Jordan where it suffers from multiple problems in the energy sector. Our study finds that there is a clear difference in the types of waste in the TPPs according to different processes and that there is a difference in the weight of the effects of the LMPs according to the operational weight, financial, quality and quantity of waste. This research contributes to developing proposals to improve the method for selection of appropriate LMPs within a TPPs.

Keywords: Thermal Power Plant, Types of Waste Assessment, Waste Sources Assessment, Lean Manufacturing Practices Assessment.